Best Fish Finder For The Money – Unbiased Reviews & Buyers Guide For 2020 (Chirp, Sonar, Depth, Portable)
Update for 2020:
After extensive testing we have decided that the Deeper Smart Sonar CHIRP has out performed the Deeper Smart Sonar Pro+ to be the best castable fish finder so this list has been updated.
Want to increase your fishing haul? Here we have reviewed various products to give you the best fish finder available on the market
The invention of the fish finder is certainly a technological blessing for all anglers, giving us the ability to quickly and accurately locate the target fish, catch more fish, and turns the overall fishing experience into an enjoyable one.
To help you in researching for the best fish locator options, here we have reviewed the best models available and make our top 10 choices.
Without further ado, let’s get straight to our fish finder reviews, and here are our top 10 best fish finders for 2020 picks, in no respective order:
Best Fish Finder Reviews 2020
1. Garmin Striker Plus 4cv - Best Budget Fish Finder
Small and portable from big name!
Coming from Garmin, one of the pioneers and biggest names in GPS technology, the Striker Plus is their latest iteration for their flagship fishfinder brand featuring built-in GPS and CHIRP sonar capabilities.
The 4 in the name stands for the screen size, 4.3” with 272x480 pixels screen resolution. The CV stands for ClearVü, Garmin’s signature down scanning method with very-high frequency (260/455/800 kHz) scanning to provide very clear, nearly photographic image below your vessel.
While it’s quite small, the 4.3” display can provide various screen modes to fully utilize both GPS and sonar features.
The transducer can operate in three different modes/frequencies: Traditional (50/77/200 kHz), CHIRP, and ClearVü, giving you a tremendous versatility to suit your different needs.
Portable and Powerful
Portable 4.3” high-resolution screen but offers great features.
ClearVü Down Scanning Feature
Great down scanning feature offering very high frequency (260/455/800 kHz) scanning for more details.
Offering traditional dual-beam, CHIRP, and ClearVü in just one transducer for more versatility.
- Three different transducer frequencies: traditional, CHIRP, and ClearVü, very versatile
- IPX7 water-resistant
- 300 wattage power for optimal image quality
- Split-screen zoom
- A-scope feature, real time display of passing fish
- Ultrascroll feature to display target fish at higher boat speeds
- Portable, battery-powered display unit
- Garmin quickdraw contour mapping software to easily create and store maps
- GPS built in
- No cover included with purchase
- No NMEA port
A relatively affordable, portable fish finder with excellent set of features. The best choice if you want a portable system.
2. Garmin echoMAP CHIRP 94sv Fish Finder
Chartplotter fish finder from Garmin
Another one from Garmin, but from the echoMAP product line, which is Garmin’s brand for chartplotter-fish finder combo, so we can expect more GPS and charting features compared to the Garmin Striker series.
The EchoMax 94sv offers a 9” WVGA screen with 800x480 resolution, ensuring a sharp, crisp display with a large screen.
Being a chartplotter, the EchoMAP 94sv is preloaded with Bluechart G2 mapping chart, covering the coastal US with 5,000 waypoints, and you can add your own maps via microSD.
For the finder functionality, the EchoMAP 94sv offers a transducer capable of CHIRP, ClearVü, SideVü—Garmin’s advanced side imaging feature—. So, you get very clear imaging of what’s below and to the sides of your vessel.
Big 9” High Resolution Screen
If you want bigger screen that can display advanced charting and fish finding information, this is for you.
3-In-1 Transducer: Dual-Beam CHIRP, ClearVü,SideVü
Very versatile with 3 different scanning methods, high-quality down imaging and side imaging
Advanced Chartplotter features
Supports AIS, DSC, and ActiveCaptain-compatible. Preloaded Bluechart G2 charting.
- High resolution (800x480) 9” WVGA screen
- Advanced charting features
- Internal 5Hz GPS
- Easy mounting, the cable ports are included on the mount
- Impressive 3-in-1 sonar functionalities
- Relatively expensive
- LakeVu lake mapping sold separately
Great if you want a big screen and want the advanced chartplotting GPS features.
3. Humminbird HELIX 5 G2 Fish Finder
Beautiful widescreen display
Humminbird is certainly one of the biggest names in fishing industry, and the Helix 5 is it’s more affordable entry, with the high-end Humminbird Solix starts from $2,000.
However, even the Helix 5, that costs just a tenth of that, offers a really nice set of features from the CHIRP digital sonar, 5” high-resolution (800x400 pixels) display, SwitchFire sonar for more versatility, and more.
Also, comes with a built-in GPS, allowing features like AutoChard Live—creating real-time maps of your prime fishing spots— access to Humminbird LakeMaster maps database, and integration with Navionics (more maps!).
500 Watt Power
Very powerful for its size and price, ensuring optimal sensitivity and clarity at all times.
5-Inch Color WVGA Display
Very beautiful display that is optimal even on bright sun conditions, and still offers a portable size.
CHIRP DualBeam Plus
Latest, most sophisticated sonar technology. Ensuring very sharp and clear images from the bottom of your vessel.
- Integrated GPS
- 500W power
- Optimal for as deep as 2500 feet
- Supports 50/83/200/455/800 kHz, very versatile
- High quality 5” screen
- Mount included, very easy to install
- NMEA support
- Not battery operated
- Relatively expensive compared to Garmin Striker 4 CV
Affordable option from Humminbird, ensuring reliability and quality. Very beautiful wide-screen 5” screen with great set of features.
4. Humminbird HELIX 7 CHIRP Mega DI GPS G3 - Best Fish Finder Runner Up
Bigger and better
Another one from Humminbird, and as the name suggests, Helix 7 features a 7” widescreen TFT display with 800x480 resolution.
This is also the newest model from Humminbird (3rd generation), while the Helix 5 we’ve discussed above is from the 2nd generation. As a result, this is significantly more expensive, but also offers some new technologies and features.
For instance, the Helix 7 Gen 3 features both side imaging and down imaging with CHIRP sonar. Also, there are two modes of CHIRP: wide mode for maximum coverage on shallow waters, and narrow mode for more clarity and depth. In short, a very versatile unit.
Mega Side Imaging
Crystal-clear viewing of up to 125 feet from either side of your vessel.
Mega Down Imaging
Extreme clarity of up to 125 feet below your boat.
Dual Spectrum CHIRP
Can utilize CHIRP both in narrow cone and wide cone for maximum versatility.
- Very versatile with down imaging, side imaging, and two modes of CHIRP
- Impressive 7” wide screen with high resolution display
- MicroSD slot for extra memory
- Integrated GPS, compatibility with Navionics and LakeMaster
- Mounting hardware included
- Can reach up to 1,500 feet in depth
- Ethernet networking available to access various technologies from Humminbird
- No Wi-Fi connectivity
Great option if you are willing to spend more for quality, definitely worth the money.
5. Lowrance Hook2 5 TripleShot Fish Finder
Versatile and easy to use
Lowrance is also a very big name in the world of marine fishing and especially fish finders, and the Hook2 5 offers several unique features compared to its competitors.
One of the biggest highlights of Lowrence products is its ease of use, the transducer can be mounted in a variety of different ways, and Hook2 display’s user interface is very intuitive.
The transducer included is named TripleShot for its 3-in-1 sonar capabilities: downscan, sidescan, and CHIRP. The Hook2 CHIRP is also special, offering a very wide sonar angle, doubling the cone angle of its competitors.
Capable of DownScan (down imaging), SideScan (side imaging) and very wide CHIRP.
Preloaded High-Detail US Inland Maps
Including 4,000 lakes with 1-foot contour.
Easy Setup and Intuitive
Very intuitive user interface for easy setup, versatile transducer that can be transom or through-hull mounted.
- Relatively affordable for its features
- High resolution SolarMax 5” display
- Autotuning sonar, with wide cone CHIRP
- Down imaging and side imaging capabilities
- Great GPS integration with built-in mapping
- Cover sold separately
- Can’t view down imaging in split-screen
This option offers ease of use over all the rest as it has many functions that are easy to use and a great buy for intuitive anglers.
6. Humminbird PiranhaMAX 4
Affordable option from Humminbird
PiranhaMAX is the entry-level line from Humminbird, featuring a smaller 4.3” screen. As an affordable option, comparison to Garmin Striker 4 is unavoidable, and there are several key differences between the two.
First, the PiranhaMax4 display is slightly bigger at 4.3” opposed to Striker 4’s 3.5”, but the screen resolution is slightly lower at only’ 272x480 pixels.
Only supports 200 and 455khz (dual-beam), and effective up to 600 feet.
Slightly more affordable than Garmin Striker 4 with a bigger screen.
Doesn’t offer advanced technologies and features, but very reliable with at traditional dual-band sonar
- Very affordable, the cheapest on this list
- Decent dual-band transducer than can cover up to 60 feet in depth
- Easy to use keypad interface
- No CHIRP technology
- Down imaging transducer sold separately
- No GPS
The most affordable on this list, but in most cases, Garmin Striker 4 is better.
7. Deep Smart Sonar CHIRP - Best Castable Fish Finder
Affordable wireless castable fish finder
Deeper is a relatively smaller name compared to Garmin, Lowrence and Humminbird, but the Smart Sonar CHIRP is an updated product offering several features.
The Smart Sonar Chirp, for instance, is a wireless fish finder. So, you don’t get a display unit here, but the floating transducer can connect with your smartphone over a wireless connection.
For a castable fish finder, the transducer is great with 3 Frequency CHIRP - Narrow CHIRP 675 kHz (cone angle 7°),
Medium CHIRP 290 kHz (cone angle 16°),
Wide CHIRP 100 kHz (cone angle 47°).
This will allow accurate scanning for up to 330 feet in depth.
Connect to your smartphone via Wi-Fi connection for up to 330 feet (100 meters)
3 Operating Modes
Standard, Ice fishing, Boat
15 Scans Per Second
Accurate reading with 15 scans per second and variable target separation
- Relatively affordable
- Wireless castaway design, perfect for land-based fishing, kayak, and ice fishing
- Compatible with iOS and Android devices
- Long battery life, can last 6 hours of continuous usage
- 3 Frequency CHIRP
- Quick charging time (75 minutes)
- No Built-in GPS
- No dedicated display unit
Excellent option if you are looking for a wireless castaway fish finder.
8. Humminbird Solix 10 Mega SI+ G2
Top of the line Humminbird
Solix is Humminbird’s line of premium fish finders, andthe Solix 10 features a 10.1” 1280x800 HD multitouch screen, giving you a premium, very high-quality display.
Solis 10 also offers MEGA down imaging+ and MEGA side imaging +, 20 % improvements over already excellent imaging from the Helix series, and that’s saying a lot.
Also, the transducer can cover a wide range of frequencies from 28kHz up to 800kHz. A premium product with state-of-the-art features.
MEGA Down Imaging+ and MEGA Side Imaging+
Clear, lifelike images from up to 200 feet below your vessel and 200 ft from either side of your vessel
High-Quality 10.1” Display
Very high resolution 1280x800 pixels 10.1” display with cross-touch and multi-touch functionalities.
Wide Frequency Range
Full Mode (28-75 kHz), Narrow Mode (75-155 kHz), Optional Deepwater (28-250 kHz), Wide Mode (130-250 kHz
- Very high-quality 10.1” display with 1280x800 pixels resolution
- MEGA Down imaging+ and Side Imaging+, 20% improvements over standard Humminbird imaging
- Excellent transducer with dual-spectrum chirp
- Can reach 1200 feet in depth
- Expensive premium product
Excellent premium option if you want more clarity in downscan and sidescan functions.
9. Raymarine Axiom 7 - Best Fish Finder Overall
The main highlight of the Raymarine Axiom 7 is the inclusion of Raymarine’s RealVision 3D sonar feature, giving you a very accurate, 3D presentation of what’s below your vessel.
The transducer also offers traditional CHIRP, down imaging, and side imaging besides the RealVision 3D sonar, giving you utmost versatility and accuracy.
Very powerful 7” display unit with quad-core processor and Raymarine’s very intuitive Lighthouse 3 OS.
See what’s below your boat in lifelike 3D presentation.
Powerful Display Unit
High-resolution display with quad core processor and Lighthouse 3 user-friendly OS.
CHIRP, DownVision, SideVision, RealVision 3D
4-in-1, versatile and powerful transducer for just about any applications.
- 4-in-1 transducer with RealVision 3D, traditional CHIRP, CHIRP sidevision and CHIRP downvision
- Quad-core processor, fast and smooth real-time performance
- Multi-touch, 7” high resolution screen
- Lighthouse 3 OS
- Connectivity with your smartphone (iOS and Android)
- Screen can glare during direct sunlight
Great high-end option, the RealVision 3D sonar is a major treat.
10. Joylog Smart Fish Finder
Very affordable castaway fish finder
Another wireless, castaway fish finder to directly compete with Deeper Smart Sonar PRO+.
For starters, it is more affordable than Smart Sonar PRO+, so it can be a major consideration if you are looking for a castaway finder on a budget.
Very light at just 0.51 lbs, and can detect as deep as 131 feet.
Comes with an easy to use, iOS and Android app, but the overall features are pretty basic with just a single beam transducer.
Affordable Castaway Option
Very affordable, with very decent features.
Lightweight and Portable
Very lightweight at just 0.51 lbs and only 2.6 inch in diameter, a great portable option and a reliable back-up if you have an existing fish finder.
- Lightweight and small diameter, very portable
- Can communicate with your smartphone for up to 164 feet in range
- 131 feet maximum detection
- Limited battery power
- Single cone, with only 30 degree detection angle
The greatest aspects of the Joylog are its affordability and portability. A great option for beginners or as a back-up.
How A Fish Finder Operates
A fish finder, as the name implies, has just one core feature to locate the fish automatically, enhancing your fishing experience by allowing you to catch more fish.
They typically consists of two different parts: the display screen and the transducer. Due to its relatively simple configuration, fish finders are in most cases, very easy to use even for absolute beginners.
The display screen—or display unit—can be mounted onto the boat or can be a portable unit you carry around. The purpose of the display unit is fairly obvious: to display the information you need.
For instance, it will display how far down the fish is located, where it is located, and how deep the water below you is.
The second part of a fish finder is a transducer, with two main functionalities: emits high-frequency sound wave by converting electrical energy into sound energy, and receives back the reflection of the sound wave before converting it back into electrical data. The transducer operates using a sonar technique to propagate the location of the fish (and the bottom of the water), and deliver the data to the display unit.
As you can see, the process is relatively simple. So, not only it is relatively easy to use, the simplicity will also minimize the risks of technical issues.
A fish finder is ideal for any fishers using any kinds of boats, large or small. Also, it is useful to get a better insight of the surrounding water, so it can be useful, for example, for kayaking so you can easily know when you are nearing any logs or rocks.
Different Types of Fish Finders
Although there are many different fish finder products available on the market, we can generally divide them into three types based on its functions.
You can choose between these three types according to your fishing style and needs:
Mountable Fish Finder
This type consists of mountable transducer and display unit. Depending on their mounting types (will be discussed below), the fish finder might be attached temporarily or permanently to the boat. This is a great choice if you are an angler that owns your own boat or can rent the same boat regularly.
Portable (Handheld) Fish Finder
With this type, you get a small display unit (4” or below) and a portable transducer with temporary mounts. Typically this type operates on (rechargeable) battery. Great choice if you rent your boats.
Wireless Fish Finder
A relatively new type of fish finder, consisting of a floating, wireless transducer that can transmit data to your smartphone via mobile data or wifi. Popular with land-based fishers.Enter your text here...
What Is a Good Price For a Fish Finder?
Answering this question can be fairly difficult since there are a lot of factors that should be considered, depending on your needs, fishing style, location of your fishing spots, and so on.
Fish finders can be as affordable as under $200, while truly high-end models can cost above $1,000.
First, consider the location of your fishing spot and what type of fish you are going to catch. Based on those, consult our Important Considerations section below and determine what features you will need for your purpose. In most cases, you’d want to look for the most affordable model that offers all (at least most) the features you need.
In general, however, expect to spend at least $300 and under $500 for a decent fish finder. You can certainly opt for more expensive products according to your budget, but spending above $1,000 is usually overkill. So, your ideal range should be between $300 and $1,000 to get the best fishfinder for you.
Important Considerations When Choosing a Fish Finder
Transducer is an essential element of any fish finder, and in a nutshell, is an electrical device that converts energy from one form to another.
A microphone—converting our voice into electrical energy—, is technically a transducer. In the case of fish finders, the transducer converts electrical energy into sonar waves, and vice versa.
The transducer emits sound waves and receives the returning echoes, this is the principle of sonar for locating objects underwater. The transducer will then send the converted data to the central display unit so we can read the data.
As this is the core functionality of a fish finder, we can see how a transducer is really important.
There are three main factors when considering a transducer: mount type (which will also dictate material), cone angle, and frequency.
Transducer Mount Type
Note: there are two different elements of a finder that requires mounting: the display unit (called binnacle mount) and the transduce. Here we are specifically discussing the transducer mount.
There are several types of transducer mounts available:
The most common type, and generally the most affordable, this mount is mounted on the transom—hence the name—.
Transom mount is typically the most affordable type, and commonly made of plastic. As a result, it is less durable than other types.
It is very versatile and can work in almost all situations, especially in smaller boats.
Yet, it is not advised to use them with larger boats over 30-feet in length, and boats moving at an exceptionally high speed—due to the lower quality of the build—.
Another important consideration is that a transom mount is not a permanent attachment, so you can, for example, attach it to a small boat or kayak temporarily.
Through-hull mounted transducers are generally much sturdier, and thus are more reliable at higher speeds. The strongest, most durable mount type, but also usually the most expensive.
Fish finders that utilize through-hull mounted transducers are generally designed for high-speed boats and long-range fish detections.
This type is the easiest to install since you wouldn’t need to drill an additional hole to place the transducer. However, this type requires specific types of hull material that can be penetrated by sonar waves. This is why the transducers using this mount is often called “shoot-through” transducers.
Also, when picking out a through-hull or in-hull transducer, it’s important to choose the right material based on your hull material:
- Fiberglass or wood hulls will typically need bronze mounting/housing
- Aluminum or steel hulls need stainless-steel mounting
- Fiberglass or plastic hulls can work with plastic mounting
Transducer Cone Angle
Cone angle refers to the width of the sound wave emitted into the water for your boat, for sonar detection purpose.
The wider the cone, the larger the area that is covered. It’s important to understand that the deeper the sound wave goes down, the lower the intensity projected back to the transducer—so, less accuracy and can produce image distortions—.
The wider the cone at a lower depth, the better if you want to fish in shallow waters. However, if you want to fish commercially in deep waters, you will need a transducer with narrow cone angle but high frequency (more on frequency later).
Transducers can come with cone angles ranging from a mere 9 degrees to more than 60 degrees. However, most fish finders tend to offer a cone angle between 16 and 20 degrees. A 20 degree cone angle is a decent choice for most fishing needs.
Some also offers multiple beams. Dual and triple beams transducers will cover more areas in lower depth, so it’s a better choice if you fish in shallow water. However, they can be significantly more expensive.
Frequency here refers to the frequency of the sound wave emitted by the transducer. The higher the frequency, the wider the cone angle. However, higher frequency will produce a shorter soundwave, so it won’t be able to reach deep areas.
Transducers usually come in 50, 83, 192, or 200 kHz sound frequencies, although some really high-end fish finders can reach 400 kHz or more.
In general, if you want to fish in mainly shallow waters, higher frequencies (192 or 200 kHz) are better, but lower frequencies (50 kHz) are better for deep waters.
Some units can switch back and forth between high and low frequencies, so this might be your best bet if you are looking for versatility.
Also, there are models that operate on both types of frequencies (dual-frequency) and even multiple frequencies. Typically these models with dual or multiple frequencies will also involve a larger display unit so you can view readings from each frequency in a split-screen.
CHIRP Sonar and CHIRP Transducers
CHIRP, stands for Compressed High-Intensity Radiated Pulse, is the latest, most sophisticated sonar technology available today.
Standard sonar sends 1 frequency at a time. So, if you want two different frequencies, you will need two different transducers.
CHIRP sonar, on the other hand, emits sweeping frequencies from low to high continuously, and the transducer with CHIRP scanning capability will then interpret the different reflected frequencies individually. As a result, CHIRP sonar produces a much clearer image with a higher resolution.
Newer models offer CHIRP sonar capabilities. While they are relatively expensive, know that you’re in for a treat with a CHIRP transducer.
If the transducer is about how well the fish finder unit can locate the fishes, the display unit is about how well it can show you the information—the user experience—.
In many cases, how we choose a display is similar to choosing an underwater fishing camera, although it’s also important to consider some technical factors like how well it presents the data (i.e. with colorful charts, easy to read graphics, etc.).
Here are some important factors when considering a display:
Monochrome VS Color
Pretty self-explanatory. Colored screens are the standard nowadays, but the old-school black and white screens are still a viable option in more affordable models.
Monochrome screens, however, are harder to read in dark or cloudy conditions.
Screen resolution ultimately refers to how many pixels a screen will display. The more pixels, the more details and the smoother you’ll see the displayed images.
You should, at the bare minimum, look for at least 240x160 pixels resolution (keep in mind, this is fairly low-res). In newer models—including the ones we have reviewed above—, higher resolutions or even HD resolutions are quite common and affordable.
Different models come in various screen sizes from around 4” to 9” screens. The larger the screen, the more expensive.
Also, remember that it’s harder (and more expensive) to maintain high screen resolution with a larger screen. If you are planning to get a bigger screen (7” or above), pay extra attention to the screen’s resolution to ensure you’ll get the desired clarity and details.
The wattage of the fish finder unit will determine speed and depth.
The higher the wattage, the faster the projected soundwave will move, and the deeper it can penetrate water.
The frequency of the soundwave will also affects power usage, for example:
- With a frequency of 50kHz and 100 watts of power, you can reach up to 400 feet in depth.
- With a similar power of 100 watts, yet 240kHz of frequency, we can only each 100 feet of depth.
So, in general, if you fish in mainly shallow waters, you won’t need a high wattage, but you can opt for higher frequency.
There are two different scanning, or imaging modes performed by different fish finders: downscan (or down imaging) and sidescan (side imaging).
Side imaging sonar works by using two beams—positioned on each side of your vessel— pointed slightly upwards.
A side imaging fish finder allows us to scan a wider area of water and to see schools in great detail as we pass. However, the downside of side scan sonar is that it won’t produce effective imaging in deep waters, as it won’t cover too much area below your boat.
This is where a down imaging sonar comes in.
Down imaging sonar utilizes a single transducer that emits a thin, but powerful sound wave directly below your boat. Thus, a downscan fish finder is usually the better bet for monitoring bait schools in deep water.
Down imaging can offer very detailed view of what’s beneath your boat, and so is generally a better choice if you like stationary fishing.
Side imaging, on the other hand, is better when you are scanning for shallow diving fish.
Portable VS Mounted
Portable models are generally more affordable—due to their smaller size—, and so they are often portrayed as just that, an affordable alternative to a “real”, bigger, mounted fish finder.
However, it can’t be further from the truth. There are portable fish finders that offer really advanced transducers and really high screen resolutions, and on the other hand, there are many affordable mounted/fixed models with large screens.
It’s true, however, that in general a portable fish finder that is comparable (in price) to a fixed fish finder will offer less overall quality.
So, when comparing the two, it’s best to focus on the main issue that is portability. If you, for example, rent different boats all the time, prefer smaller boats, or wanted to use the fish finder for kayaking, then a portable finder is a better choice.
On the other hand, if you want more advanced technology for the same budget, a fixed/mounted finder is a better bet. Fixed models are also usually more stable and reliable, so it’s a better choice for boats with higher speeds. Also, they are generally more consistent and you wouldn’t need to re-tweak the settings all the time.
We are all familiar with the GPS technology nowadays, and many models also offer GPS/Chartplotter feature, which can provide various benefits:
- Navionics and Charting: GPS can provide an easier time to navigate your way to prime fishing grounds or to find your way back to dry land. Some of the GPS fish models offer the ability to customize your charts, which can be useful so you can navigate to the right fishing spot every time.
- Water Temperature: You might encounter fishing spots where cold and warm waters meet, and a GPS feature will help you navigate between water temperatures. You can, for example, track your next catch based on whether it's a cold water or warm water species.
- Location Saving: You can save different locations like different prime fishing spots, dangerous areas, and so on. So you can navigate to these locations accurately.
- Depth Finder: GPS models offer both mapping and charting features, so you can get a more accurate reading of the land in a way that isn’t possible with a standard fish finder. You can get a better insight about the bottom of the water, and can easily decipher the depth readings.
Even if you’ve already familiar with a standard fish finder, using a GPS—or Chartplotter—fish finder will be a little bit different. Here are some tips you can use to make the most of your GPS feature:
- Buoys: Buoys are used to mark different water depths and shipping lanes on water. A GPS feature can help you track the position of these buoys without needing to plot them by yourself.
- Contour Lines: These lines are designed to show you the topography below the water. Knowing the accurate position of hills and valleys beneath your vessels can be beneficial, since certain fish tend to swim only in specific depths. This can result in significant increase of your haul.
- Shipwrecks: Some GPS units can effectively highlight shipwrecks locations on the map. This can be useful since fish tend to swim around shipwrecks, and can also protect your boat from potential dangers when exploring around.
- Seabed: Some fish species tend to hang out at specific depths, and a GPS tracking will offer a more accurate reading of the seabed’s layout. This will provide you with a better chance to increase your haul by offering a more optimal positioning.
If you are going to use the fish finder on an open vessel, then water resistance is going to be an important factor.
Check JIS or IPX ratings, which are usually listed on the product’s specifications. An IPX rating of 4 (IPX4) means the device is fairly safe from splashing water, but it won’t be sufficient if, for example, you are on a kayak.
An IPX rating of IPX5 or IPX6 means the finder can resist fairly high pressure of water jets, and IPX7 will mean you can safely submerge the unit up to 10 feet deep of water, for as long as 30 minutes.
Lastly, IPX8-rated products can stay underwater for an extended period of time.
Best Practices In Using Your Fish Finder
So, you just got your brand new fish finder and you can’t wait to try it out on your fishing trip.
It’s certainly good to be excited, but don’t forget that it’s important to prepare ahead so you can make the most of your new tool (toy).
Below, is a step-by-step guide for the best practices in setting up and using your fish finder.
1. Read The User’s Manual
Yes, not all of us like to read, but it’s a necessary step. Keep in mind that today’s user manuals are generally not that long and will only be a few minutes of reading.
Familiarize yourself with how to set up and program the fish finder, how to mount it, and how to read the data. If necessary, you can also search online for forums, communities and reviews for more clarity about certain issues.
2. Mounting The Fish Finder
Again, refer to the user’s manual on the recommended placement to mount the finder—and how to mount it—. Different fish finders might require different mounting process and placement.
Also, depending on the model, you might also need to mount the display unit beside the transducer. Refer to our transducer mount section below for more information
3. Setting Up The Fish Finder
When you turn on the fish finder, all models will start with the automatic mode, operating on pre-programmed settings. If you want, you can switch it to the manual mode to customize the finder according to your preferences and needs.
However, it’s better to leave it on automatic mode first and “test-drive” the system on the water to get the basic idea of the visual data presentation, clarity of the detection, whether it’s mounted properly, etc. Make your adjustments after you’ve got a grasp of its behaviour.
4. Make The Necessary Adjustments
The automatic mode, in essence, is allowing the sonar unit to automatically set the sensitivity (power output). It might or might not be effective according to your preferences, and this is how a manual adjustment can help you.
Here are the steps you can follow to make a proper manual adjustment:
- Bring your boat to a depth above 20 feet. It is best not to make manual adjustments in shallow water, since the cone angle will be smaller in lower depths. If you commonly fish in deep water, bring your boat to a depth you commonly fish in.
- Turn of the auto-sensitivity feature, switch to manual mode, depending on your model. Make sure all automatic features are off, including fish ID if the finder has the feature.
- Now, manually adjust the range of the fish finder to more than twice the actual depth. For example, if you are in 30 feet of water, adjust the range to 65 or 70 feet (60 feet will not work). If the model allows, you can set the depth to three times or more, it will work just as well.
- Adjust gain or sensitivity until you can only see a faint echo from twice your actual depth. For example if your depth is 30ft, you will see this echo at 60ft. This is called the second echo, that when present, indicates that optimal echo signal is received by the transducer. If your sensitivity is too high, this signal will be distorted. Make your adjustment until you get this second echo.
- Re-adjust the range to the actual depth, or you can turn on the auto-range/auto depth feature. In general, avoid using auto-sensitivity feature (unless it’s an advanced model with really good auto-sensitivity feature) and fish ID (we will discuss more about fish ID below).
The following factors can affect the sonar’s sensitivity:
- Water depth
- Water temperature and density
- Boat speed: less sensitivity is required when the boat is moving at a slower speed.
5. Fish ID Setting
The Fish ID feature will allow us to identify fish automatically, which is ideal if this is your first fish finder or a complete fishing beginner, or when you are just figuring out a brand new finder.
However, after you’ve adjusted to the fish finder’s display interface, it is better to turn it off. By turning the fish ID off, you can get a better view of what’s actually going on underneath the waves.
6. Using Auto Range/Auto Depth
The auto depth feature, as the name suggests, will automatically track the depth of the water, so you can get an accurate information of how far down it is. In most cases, it’s best to leave the auto range feature on, but you can make some adjustments.
For example, you can hide the first few feet and just above the true bottom. This can be useful if you know the fish is not on these depths, and so the sonar can set its sight on the depth that matters.
7. Reading Depth Cursor
The depth cursor is a line that goes across the display screen, and will provide information on how far down the fish actually is. This will provide you with an easier time to determine where to put your bait, and how deep. The depth cursor will constantly move up and down the fish, according to the fish’s current position.
8. Adjusting Suppressor Setting
Generally, you don’t want to keep the suppressor on at all times, since it can block the sonar sound waves.
Suppressor, however, can be useful to block out the background noises when your boat is moving at a relatively high speed.
If your transducer is installed correctly, usually the suppressor setting will be automatic and will perform correctly. However, you can make manual adjustments when necessary.
FAQ's About Fish Finders
What is a fish finder?
A fish finder is a fishing device that utilizes sonar technique to propagate fish location underwater.
A fish finder emits high-frequency sound waves and “catch” the reflection of the sound wave to determine the depth of the water. When the sound wave hits a fish or any other objects underwater, the echo will return sooner, signalling that an object is located above the bottom of the water.
What Is GPS Feature In a Fish Finder?
Some fish finder models offer GPS integration, and the model is often categorized as a chartplotter fish finder.
The GPS integration will allow us to mainly view our location on a map, but will also add extra features like the ability to save different locations, more accurate charting of the bottom of water, and so on. Most fish finder models today offer GPS integration, and it is a great additional feature for safety and functional purposes.
What Are The Different Types of Fish Finders?
We can differentiate different fish finder models based on several different factors:
- Based on portability: Mounted/fixed type, portable/handheld type, and wireless type
- Based on scanning method: Down imaging/downscan and side imaging/sidescan
- Based on frequency: low-frequency (50 and 83kHz) and high-frequency (120, 200kHz and above), will also determine cone angle
Also, there are various new technologies being introduced each and every year to improve fish finders’ accuracy. Quite recently, technologies like livescan and 3d scan are introduced to improve upon downscan and sidescan methods, giving us an even more accurate results.
How Do I Read The Fish Finder?
You might want to check out our step by step guide here (link :fishinglab.net/how-to-read-afishfinder) for more complete information.
Generally, here are the important things to consider:
- The hard bottom in most models is displayed as a blue line with yellow above it, and the area above it to the surface level won’t display any color.
- Any objects suspended from the bottom might or might not be a fish, pay attention for arches, a strong sign that it’s a fish.
- A ball shape is usually a bait ball, so when there are larger objects around the ball, these are usually predatory fish.
What Frequency Are Common For Fish Finders?
Fish finder transducers can operate at various ultrasonic frequencies from 50kHz to above 200kHz, some can reach above 400kHz. The higher the frequency, the more detailed the results. However, the higher the frequency, the less depth it can cover.
Are Fish Finders Waterproof?
Most transducers are waterproof, but the majority of the display unit are not waterproof. In most applications, there’s no need for the display unit for water resistance, but there are various waterproof units available. They can be useful, for example,if you are kayaking or fishing on an open vessel.
Check the water resistance (IPX) rating of your display unit, and keep non waterproof unit away from water at all costs.
How Can I Install The Fish Finder?
Portable fish finders won’t require any physical installation, just software calibrations and adjustments.
For mounted/fixed units, at least the transducer must be mounted on the boat, and the process will depend on the mount type:
- Transom mount: the transducer is mounted at the transom, at the rear of the boat just below water.
- Through-hull mount: you will need to drill a hole in your hull—if necessary—to screw the transducer to your boat’s hull. The transducer is permanently placed inside the hull of the boat.
- In-hull mount: the easiest to install, as we simply place the transducer anywhere inside the ship, pointing to the hull.
Can We Use Fish Finder on a Kayak?
Yes, and it’s actually pretty common, since a fish finder can also locate various hazards like rocks and logs, which will aid the safety of your kayaking.
We can mount the transducer either within the hull, over the side (using a bracket), or through the scupper holes. Generally a portable, smaller display unit is more preferable due to the limited space on a kayak.
What Is The Best Brand To Choose?
A tough question, but the most popular brands available today include—but are not limited to— Lowrance, Garmin, Humminbird, Deeper, and Furuno. Different brands offer different features that might suit a certain fishing style over the others. Generally, however, Humminbird, Lowrance, and Garmin offer the widest range of choices.
A fish finder is a fisherman’s best friend, an affordable solution to improve your haul.
While there are many different types and sets of features available, the best way to make your choice is to first figure out your needs: your fishing style, your fishing location, and ultimately, your budget.
In this best fish finder article the products we have reviewed above, as well as the buying guide, should help you in making a better informed decision to purchase the perfect fish finder for you.
Last update on 2020-04-07 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API
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